Last but not the least, 12th lunar month starts from 16.02.2018 to 17.03.2018;
The month in which full moon day coincides with Poorva/Uttara Phalguni star that month is denoted as Phalguna masam.
Lord Vishnu in the name of Govinda is the presiding Deity (Masa Niyamaka) governing the month of Phalguna masam.
During this month Sun transit takes place from Kumbha raasi (Aquarius) to Meena Raasi (Pisces).
Phala + Guna = Phalguna.
Phala means merits and Guna means qualities and
Phalguna masam is a highly auspicious month that is full of meritorious qualities.
In the epic Mahabharatha, we find Arjuna being referred to by several names and one such name is Phalguna. It is said that Arjuna was born during Phalguna masam in the constellation of Uttara Phalguni.
Great Madhva Saint and Philosopher, Guru Saarvabhouma, Sri Raghavendra Swamy (Raayaru) of Mantralayam was born during Phalguna masam on the seventh day Suddha Sapthami that is celebrated as Guru Saarvabhoumara Vardhanti (Janmadina).
In fact Sri Rayaru took his Sanyasa Deeksha in the month of Phalguna masam only on the lunar day Phalguna Sukla Dwiteeya that is celebrated as Sri Guru Saarvabhoumara Pattabhisheka Dina).
We come across during Phalguna masam Aaradhana of…
Sri Sudheendra Theertharu; (Anegondi),
Sri Vaadiraaja Theertharu (Sodhe) and
Sri Vyaasarajaru (Anegondi).
Full Moon day in Phalguna masam is celebrated as Holi festival. If that day is associated with Uttara Phalguni star it is said to be highly meritorious for worshiping Goddess Sri Maha Lakshmi.
Phalgu is the name of a holy river on the banks of which the sacred Gaya Kshethra is located in Bihar.
River Phalgu is also referred to as Gupta Ganga
It is said that Agni Purana has explained the river Phalgu as a combination of Phala (merit) + Gau (wish fulfilling cow) and its etymology implies that the river manifests the highest power of piousness added with merit.
As per Vayu Purana it is said that the river Phalgu is considered to be superior to river Ganges since it is the liquid form of Lord Vishnu whereas Ganges has originated from the foot of Lord Vishnu.
Starting from Sukla Paadyami and ending with Dwadasi during Phalugna maasam;
We find reference to Payovratha in Ashtama-Skhanda (8th Canto) of SriMad Bhagavatham in the episode of Sri Vaamana Avathara.
Deva-Maata Aditi Devi performed Payo-Vratha as per the directions of her husband Sage Kashyapa before Lord Vishnu took incarnation as Vaamana;
TEPPOTSAVAM @ TIRUMALA KSHETHRA….
Famous Boat festival or Float festival known as Teppotsavam is held at Tirumala Sri Swamy Pushkarini Theertha during Phalguna masam. This is held for five days during Sukla paksha starting from Dasami/Ekaadasi and ending with Pournami thithi.
During the five day festival, first two days Lord Sri Rama and Lord Sri Krishna along with their consorts are taken out in procession on a decorated boat in Swamy Pushkarini theertham. Last three days Lord Malayappa Swamy (Lord Venkateshwara) is taken out in procession along with His consorts. This float festival attracts thousands of devotees coming from across the country.
Ekadasi falling in sukla paksha of Phalguna masam is called as Amalaki Ekadasi. Fasting on this day of Amalaki Ekadasi is more meritorious than giving one thousand cows in charity.
During Phalguna masam, Go-dhana (giving Cow as charity) along with its maintenance, Vasthra dana are prescribed.
Hari Sarvottama – Vaayu Jeevottama
Article by Bhargava Sarma